CLASSIC WORK ON ARTESIAN WELLS
De l'art du fontenier sondeur et des puits artésiens , ou mémoire sur les différentes espèces de terrains dans lesquels on doit rechercher des eaux souterraines, et sur les moyens qu’il faut employer pour ramener une partie de ces eaux a la surface du sol, a l’aide de la sonde du mineur ou du fontenier
Paris: chez Carilian-Goury, Libraire des Ingéneiurs et de l’Ecole royale des Ponts et Chaussées, et de l’Ecole royale des Mines, quai des Augustins, no. 41. [slip cancel pasted over the imprint: ] de l’Imprimerie de Madame Huzard, 1822
4to: –184 (cancels 4/2, 8/4), 72 leaves, pp. 143 [1, blank].
19 engraved plates signed ‘Dessiné par F. Garnier. Gravé par Le Blanc’ (throwouts, bound at the end).
Condition: 242 x 190mm. Minor foxing in the plate margins. A good clean copy.
Binding: Contemporary quarter sheep with embossed immitation morocco sides, gilt borders to sides, flat gilt spine with red lettering piece, carmine page edges.
First edition. A second, enlarged edition was published as Traité des puits (1826); a German translation appeared in 1824.
‘We owe the most complete and authentic information on Artesian wells to M. F. Garnier ... his work ... contains not only clear directions for boring these wells, with plans of the requisite instruments, but also such sound views regarding the origin of subterranean aqueous reservoirs, and so well founded on facts, that we cannot be far wrong in supposing everywhere the same.’ (Poggendorff, ‘On Artesian or Overflowing Wells’, The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 1830, 111–123.)
In Artesian wells, named after Artois in France, very pure water in limestone strata comes to the surface under its own pressure, without pumping. Such wells are obviously of great economic importance and for this reason a number of bodies in France offered prizes for the best essay on the subject. Garnier’s essay won the prize of 3000 francs offered by the Société d’encouragement pour l'industrie nationale, but the extent of his treatise and the number of plates made it impractical to print it in the Bulletin of the society as would normally have been done. Instead it was issued as this monograph, the publication of which was funded by the French government.
Garnier Educated at the Ecole des Mines in Paris and was at this time Ingénieur des Mines at Arras (‘Les Annales des Mines’, www.annales.org/archives/x/garnier.html).
The attractive binding is an attempt to make an expensive looking binding out of cheap materials.