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HAID, Johann Gottfried (1710–1776) after ‘W. Pohl’, probably Wenzel POHL (active 1765–1771)
MAXIMILLIAN HELL

HAID, Johann Gottfried (1710–1776) after ‘W. Pohl’, probably Wenzel POHL (active 1765–1771)

R. P. Maximilianus Hell, ê S.J. Astronomus Regio Caesareus , observato feliciter transitu Veneris ante discum solis die 3tia. Juny 1769. Wardoehusii in Laponia Finnmarchica, votis Christiani VII. Daniae et Norvegiae regis impletis, in veste sua Laponica. C. P. Mai. W. Pohl ad vivum del. J. G. Haid aeri radebat Viennae Austriae 1771

: , 1771
Mezzotint portrait, image 460 x 313mm; plate mark 540 x 380mm; sheet 542 x 381mm. Minor foxing in the margins, not visible on the engraved surface, a good strong impression.
Bibliography: Drugulin Allgemeiner (1981 reprint) 8770.
£1,000

Maximilian Hell (1720–1792), Jesuit astronomer and director of the Vienna Observatory is shown in Lapland dress during his visit to Norway to observe the transit of Venus. He remained in Norway for eight months after the transit, and the subsequent delay in publication was perhaps the cause of accusations that he falsified his data, a slur that was not disproved until the nineteenth century. A leading member of the distinguished German family of engravers Johann Gottfried Haid founded a school of mezzotint-engraving in Vienna in 1766, and was brother of Johann Jakob Haid, whose portrait of Du Châtelet is described above.